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Italy occupies an area of 301,338 square kilometers on which over 60,200,000 people live.

It’s a democratic republic and one of the countries with highest quality of life.

In 2008, Italy had the seventh largest economy worldwide, and fourth in Europe. It joined the European Union on March 25, 1957 as one of the founding members of the EU.

The country once had a weak economy which was affected even more by the World War II. After the war, it was transformed into one of the world’s most industrialized nations—surpassing the British economy in 1987.

The territory of Italy is mainly mountains, and as a result, the country lacks raw materials and energy resources.

The lira was the Italian currency until 1999, when it adopted the euro.

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