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Ireland covers an island of 84,421 square kilometers, which makes it the third-largest island in Europe. Its population is 6,197,100.

The country joined the European Union in 1973, which transformed the country to a modern and economically growing country. Although Ireland did not experience industrial revolution, it suddenly gained economic power in the 1990s, and in 2005 the Republic was said to be the best place to live in the world, according to The Economist magazine.

The Republic of Ireland’s currency was the Irish pound until 1999, when it adopted the euro. In contrast, Northern Ireland kept the pound.

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